GovInn has a new constitution

The Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation has a new constitution that establishes its structures and relationships with the university and others, such as CIRAD. The Senate at the University of Pretoria approved this new constitution in September 2017. For those interested, you can read the document below.

New GovInn Constitution (2017)
ILO Employment Research Brief

“+789 Million and Counting: the sub-Saharan African Equation”: ILO Employment Research Brief by Dr Bruno Losch

ILO (the International Labour Office) just released an Employment Research Brief titled: “+789 Million and Counting: the sub-Saharan African Equation” prepared with Bruno Losch, GovInn’s co-director.
This 8-pager is based on an ILO working paper published last November by Bruno Losch (Structural transformation to boost labour demand in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of agriculture, rural areas, and territorial development”). This brief focuses on SSA’s equation of providing quality jobs for a rapidly expanding and young labour force, in a context of limited economic diversification, critically challenged education systems, and under the constraints of increasing competition and climate change. 789 million is the expected increase of SSA’s labour force by 2050 and represents 62{4b05898ae60f9b5e2d93b69cb2027f6f0d06dfa7d8f8611bbe8472c2532adfa6} of the labour force growth worldwide.

The employment challenge in Africa is persistent and unique. It is not solely a challenge of unemployment, but one of providing quality jobs for a rapidly expanding, and markedly young, labour force. This research brief explores the opportunities that economic diversification offer to foster structural transformation in sub-Saharan Africa. It highlights three interconnected actions needed to achieve this goal: (i) supporting evidence-based multi-sectoral development strategies; (ii) supporting family farmers and diversification of rural incomes; and (iii) strengthening rural-urban linkages and promoting territorial policies.

 

To read the full document, see below: ILO_Research BRIEF Losch

The Role of the European External Action Service in Climate Diplomacy

Adapted from a paper presented by Dr Diarmuid Torney for a workshop at Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

The 2009 Copenhagen climate change summit highlighted the European Union’s (EU) inability to shape international outcomes in line with its own preference. Similarly, the EU’s, responses to the Arab Spring and the Iraq war revealed the Union was either unable or unwilling to respond effectively to global crises. Some explanations for the varied and sometimes limited effectiveness of the EU on the world stage focus on the institutional complexities of the EU and its apparent inability to “speak with one voice” internationally. Other explanations link broader changes in world politics, since the 2008 global financial crisis, with a decline in the power of the EU.1 2 While these two perspectives explain important parts of the story, they each tend to neglect the importance of the other. Perspectives emphasising intra-EU factors often fail to adequately appreciate how the international context conditions the scope for EU external governance. Equally, perspectives focusing on the international context often seem to strip the EU of agency, viewing it simply as a passive receiver of that international context.

Read more: PB Torney

Environmental Governance in the Euro-Latin American Space

Adapted from a paper presented by Professor Roberto Dominguez at Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

This policy brief examines the European Union’s (EU) contributions to environmental governance in Latin America over the past two decades. Two elements are salient in characterising environmental governance in the EU-Latin American relationship. The first is the weak economic relationship between the two regions. While there are deep cultural roots between Latin America and individual EU countries, trade relations remain at a modest level. This gives the EU a relatively low level of leverage over Latin American countries compared to, for example, European neighbourhood countries. In addition, other closer trading partners, such as the US, have much more opportunity to promote environmental governance through instruments such as Free Trade Agreements. The second element is the apparent low priority of the environment on the bi-regional agenda. While the environment does appear in high-level speeches and strategies it is usually mentioned only briefly and secondary to issues of trade and investment. From 2000 onwards, however, the environment has gradually increased in profile in EU development programmes in Latin America both at a regional level and within individual countries. This review of EU environmental programmes and projects in Latin America indicates that, through the EU’s development cooperation, the environment could play a significant and increasing role in Euro-Latin American relations.

Read more: PB Dominguez

The EU as an International Environmental Negotiator – External Representation and Internal Coordination

Adapted from a paper presented by Professor Tom Delreux at the 2015 Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

The EU is party to about 50 Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)1 and plays a key role in international negotiations on a broad range of environmental issues such as air, climate change, biodiversity and biosafety, chemicals, soil, water, sustainable development, forests or oceans. Some of these MEAs are global in nature, and negotiated under the auspices of the UN, while others are regional, and mostly negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). This policy brief opens the black box of the EU as international environmental negotiator. By focusing on how the EU functions internally when it acts externally, it discusses the legal framework of the EU’s external environmental competences and its formal status in international environmental negotiations, the way the EU is externally representation (who speaks for the EU?) and the way the internal coordination takes place (how is a EU position developed?).

Read more at: PB Delreux

Can Environmental Standards in Trade Agreements be and Effective Instrument of EU External Environmental Governance?

Authored by Dr Evgeny Postnikov. Presented at the Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

The European Union (EU) has spearheaded the signing of bilateral preferential trade agreements (PTAs) with multiple countries across the developing world. Theses agreements play an increasingly important role in the EU’s external environmental governance toolkit, as they include provisions requiring trading partners to maintain certain levels of environmental protection, also known as environmental standards. This policy brief aims to provide a holistic assessment of environmental standards in EU PTAs and critically evaluate whether they fulfil their potential as an effective instrument of EU external environmental governance.

Read more: PB_Postnikov

The EU Water Initiative: A Network Perspective

Adapted from a paper presented by Dr David Benson and Dr Camilla Adele at Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

As internal European Union (EU) environmental policy reaches a stage of relative maturity,1 there is increasing focus on how the EU can influence the governance of environmental issues, not only inside but also outside of its borders. This ‘external environmental governance’ seeks to transfer EU environmental norms, principles, and polices well beyond their legal jurisdiction.2 This type of governance has led to a move away from traditional hierarchical means of transferring environmental norms, principles, and policies (e.g. through top down regulation), towards an increasing reliance on more horizontal forms of governance such as transnational policy networks. These networks span international boundaries and comprise of both state and non-state actors come together around shared policy problems in relatively horizontal and informal patterns of social relations. The use of this type of transnational networks is particularly evident in the EU’s external water policy and specifically its EU Water Initiative (EUWI). The purpose of this policy brief is to analyse how effective the use of transnational networks are in the transferring of EU environmental norms, principles and policies. To do this, the brief examines one regional component (or network) of the EUWI, namely the African Working Group (AWG).

Read more: PB Benson and Adelle

Integrating Environmental Objective into EU Development Policy

Adapted from a paper presented by Dr Camilla Adelle and Ms Sally Nicholson at Governance Innovation Week, University of Pretoria, 1-5 June 2015.

June 2015

The EU is committed to protecting the environment and pursuing sustainable development not only within Europe but also globally. In quantitative terms, the EU’s development policy (covering more than 100 countries and providing over €50 billion a year in aid) has a huge practical potential to support environmental protection objectives and processes beyond the EU’s borders.1 Tackling environmental issues is also seen as essential for achieving development objectives, as many people in developing countries rely on healthy ecosystems for direct consumption and/or income generation. This policy brief seeks to examine the extent to which the EU integrates environmental objectives into its development activities and so harness the potential of these activities to not only pursue the EU’s development objectives but also the EU’s external environmental objectives.

Read more at: PB_Adelle and Nicholson

ICT and Human Rights in Africa

ICTs and Human Rights in Africa

Authored by Rebeka Gluhbegovic, Ella Abatan, Anita Acon, Toyin Ajao, Negar Fayazi, Mellissa Mlambo, Ruth Murambadoro, Jenna Town and Cori Wielenga

 

African countries are are extremely diverse in many respects, such as their levels of development, freedoms, government structures, but also in terms of their human rights situations. Whilst some countries are stable and enjoy relatively good human rights records, others have more problematic human rights predicament. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the state security forces and militias terrorise communities. In Sierra Leone, mining companies, in complicity with the government, have forcibly relocated families and hampered their access to food. In Zimbabwe, freedom of expression is seriously curtailed. In Egypt police brutality against Egyptians is endemic. Perpetrators range from governments, the military, paramilitaries, militias, terrorist groups and corporations.

GovInn-Policy-Brief-1-2015

Read further at: ICTs and Human Rights in Africa

Are cooperatives better suited to deal with crises: perspectives from Europe and South America

Claudia Bajo Policy Brief 8

Are cooperatives better suited to deal with crises: perspectives from Europe and South America

(GovInn, June 2014)

Author: Claudia Sanchez Bajo

There has been little research on cooperatives within regionalism and in particular, how regionalism works in an effort to compare policy making between two regional integration processes. This work will first analyse the role of cooperatives in regionalism in terms of policy, including standards, enterprise statutes and statistics, with particular Cooperativesregard to the role of the networks in the initiatives and their participation in regional integration policy making. The building of networks is one of the expected spillovers from regionalism. However, in the concept of ‘new regionalism’, the role of business actors is enhanced through networks promoting both entrepreneurial action as well as strategic influence on the development path of the countries involved.

For more info see: http://governanceinnovation.org/wordpress/353/govinnpolicybrief82014-compressed/