EU-Africa Relations in a Changing Global Order (ERGO)

European Union – Africa Relations in a Changing Global Order (ERGO) is a research activity carried out as a Jean Monnet Project with the support of the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union.

Africa has enjoyed a new prominence in the 21st century. Institutions such as the African Union have capitalised on this status by broadening relations with the result of the world, including members of the rising Global South. Questions have subsequently been asked about the continued relevance of relations with the Global North in a seemingly changing global order. For some people, the EU and its Member States represent a past order, while partnerships with emerging powers China, India and Brazil represent the future. Yet this assumption is not a given. What is more certain is that we are in a state of flux which has challenged Africa’s relationships, new and old. The impetus here is, therefore, to “re-examine” EU-Africa relations in this changing global order. The objective of this proposed project is to bring together top academics, policy makers and political observers to explore how EU-Africa relations can best be understood today in light of a changing global order, highlighting innovations and challenges, and how the partnership can be updated in key areas such as security, trade, migration, development of climate change. Particular focus will be placed on engaging ‘African voices’ – hitherto the least present voices in the debate on EU-Africa relations. ERGO’s main activities were two international workshops as well as a larger one-day open conference, all held in Pretoria. These brought together academics, students, policymakers, practitioners, stakeholders and other members of civil society from across the continent and beyond.

The key outputs are published as a special issue of the South African Journal of International Affairs as well as in a number of policy-relevant publications. The project was carried out with the European Studies Association of Sub-Saharan Africa (ESA-SSA) and served to promote the Jean Monnet Programme and EU studies across Africa.

Project number: 574837-EPP-1-2016-1-ZA-EPPJMO-PROJECT

Contact: esassa.up@gmail.com

ERGO Policy Day 29 November 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ERGO First workshop programme July 2017
ERGO Second Workshop November 2017
EU Africa Policy Day programme Nov 29 2017

Determinants and drivers of migration in Africa (MIGRAFRICA)

The objective of the research project MIGRAFRICA (Determinants and drivers of migration in Africa) is to develop a regional overview of the main determinants and drivers of migration in SSA focusing on the structural causes of rural out-migration. It presents the main finding analytically and graphically in a working paper, an in-depth case study and an Atlas focused on the main migratory trends and drivers from, across and to SSA. The publications will be in both English and French.

An outcome is the FAO-CIRAD-GOVINN Atlas ‘Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration South of the Sahara’.

Contacts

sara.mercandalli@cirad.fr

Economic and Sociocultural Encounters in Borders: Experiences from Southern Africa, Perspectives from Europe, Asia and South America

This project is situated within debates on borders, borderlands, sub- and regional integration. It examines local, grassroots and non-state actors and their cross-border economic and sociocultural encounters and contestations. And the role they play in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region and its integration project. The project also deliberately includes perspectives on borders, borderlands and integration in other world regions including Europe, Asia and South America. The aim is to not only enhance the understanding of Southern African borders, but also contribute to the attempts and formulations by scholars, policymakers, practitioners and ordinary people to make sense of the lines that seem to so easily separate and box people into mutually exclusive categories.

Project leaders: Dr Chris Nshimbi, Dr Inocent Moyo (University of Zululand), Dr Jussi Laine (University of Eastern Finland).

 

Contacts

Chris.nshimbi@governanceinnovation.org

African Borders, Human Mobility, Continental Integration and Development

This project interrogates mobility issues affecting ordinary people and economically active human resources within and across the borders of Africa’s disparate states. It also explores the dynamics of cooperation and the governance of trans-boundary natural resources. This is in a quest to examine the relationship between the spatial mobility of borders and development, as well as the migration regimes within which states that share contiguous borders in given geographic territories are embedded.

Project leaders: Dr Chris Nshimbi, Dr Inocent Moyo (University of Zululand).

 

Contacts

Chris.nshimbi@governanceinnovation.org

Africa-EU Relations, Migration, Development and Integration (AEMDI)

The Africa-EU relations, migration, development and integration (AEMDI) project aims to bring into conversation leading academics, policymakers, political observers and practitioners from civil society to explore and examine intra-Africa migration on one hand and EU-Africa relationships vis-à-vis migration on the other hand. Efforts to integrate Africa, through the RECs, should, then, be informed by lessons and parallels drawn from across Africa, and chiefly, the integration experience of the EU—particularly the Schengen Area—in moving from free movement of labour (only) to EU citizenship, as enshrined in Article 20 (1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The main outcome of AEMDI is the promotion of the Jean Monnet Programme and adoption of best practices from the EU’s successes in regional integration, in Africa. AEMDI aims increased networking and expertise between/of academics, policymakers, professionals and relevant stakeholders in Africa and the EU. AEMDI responds to the need to promote development and well-being in Africa through, among other things, learned experiences from observed successes in EU integration.

Project leaders: Dr Chris Nshimbi, Dr Inocent Moyo (University of Zululand), Dr Jussi Laine (University of Eastern Finland), and Dr. Tabani Ndlovu (Nottingham Trent University)

 

Contacts

Chris.nshimbi@governanceinnovation.org

African Voices from the Ground

This research project focuses on collecting information from citizens and civil society organizations, in addition to government officials and professionals working on migration issues in migrant communities. It aims to gather data from these “voices on the ground” through systemic research methods in four countries representing four regions of Africa: Senegal (West Africa), South Africa (Southern Africa), Mali (Sahel) and Ethiopia (Horn of Africa). It includes voices of civil society into the dialog on migration; establish a continuous migration platform, offering understanding of migration issues; establish a network among groups working on migration at regional level and beyond, at global level; discuss and develop long-term approaches on migration; develop policy recommendations for African decision makers; and develop specific recommendations for the EU-Africa partnership. focused on collecting information from citizens and civil society organizations, in addition to government officials and professionals working on migration issues in those communities.

Project leaders: Professor Amr Abdalla (Addis Ababa University), Professor Kassahun Berhanu (Addis Ababa University), Ms Firehiwot Sintayehu (Addis Ababa University), Dr Kevin Eze (University of the Sahel), and Dr Chris Nshimbi.

 

Contacts

Chris.nshimbi@governanceinnovation.org

Building Regions from Below

This research investigates the activities of informal cross-border traders and migrants in the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Area, with a specific focus on the SADC region. It seeks to understand the contribution of these actors to the broader integration of the said regions. Special attention is given to persons living in the proximate communities, towns, etc. of the contiguous border areas of the countries that form the tripartite FTA.

 

Contacts

chris.nshimbi@governanceinnovation.org

The futures of Governance and the Governance of the Future

English version

The primary objective of this research project is to i) take stock of what the futures of governance could look like, ii) explore to what extent the use of anticipation and the development of futures literacy in governance can be by itself  a governance innovation, and iii) explore and discuss implications  for present and future governance of the future. It is also an applied research project whose second objective is to connect this knowledge generation process with empirical work, in dialogic way, with a particular, but not exclusive, focus on Africa. For this purpose, it is designed to be a process of collective investigation involving i) people with a taste for future-oriented postures and interested in the issue of governance and ii) people facing governance issues who are interested in using the future.
A fuller description of the project can be seen in this draft concept note for building and engaging an extended peer community into this collaborative research project. It seeks to involve people who have future-oriented competences and an interest in governance innovation, or people who are working in the field of governance and have an interest in future-oriented approaches. It is a conceptual and action research with a special focus on Africa, on territorial development and on the SDGs.
If you want to know more or/and you are interested in joining and contributing, please contact robin.bourgeois@cirad.fr

Access the draft concept note here (English version)

Version Francaise

Les futurs de la gouvernance et la gouvernance du futur

L’objectif principal de ce projet de recherche est de: i) faire un état des lieux sur les futurs de la gouvernance; ii) explorer dans quelle mesure l’utilisation de l’anticipation et une culture du futur peuvent être des innovations en gouvernance, iii) explorer et discuter les implications pour la gouvernance actuelle et à venir du futur. C’est aussi un projet de recherche appliquée dont le deuxième objectif est de relier ce processus de génération de connaissances à un travail empirique, de manière dialogique, avec un accent particulier, mais non exclusif, sur l’Afrique. A cette fin, il est conçu comme un processus d’investigation collective impliquant i) les personnes ayant un goût pour l’anticipation et intéressées par la question de la gouvernance et ii) les personnes confrontées aux problèmes de gouvernance et intéressées par l’anticipation.
Une description plus complète du projet est accessible dans cette note conceptuelle provisoire visant à construire et à engager une communauté de pairs étendue dans ce projet de recherche collaboratif. Un accent particulier y sera mis sur l’Afrique, sur le développement territorial et sur les ODD.
Si vous souhaitez en savoir plus et / ou si vous souhaitez vous inscrire et contribuer, contactez robin.bourgeois@cirad.fr.


Accédez à la note conceptuelle ici (version Française)

Building regions from below: Informal cross-border trade and regional integration in the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite (AFRTJ)

The 15 member-state Southern African Development Community (SADC) started out in April 1980 as the Southern African Development Co-ordinating Conference (SADCC) and changed into SADC in August 1992. SADC aims at integrated regional development through formal regional institutions and seeks an economic union through the successive stages of regional integration as espoused by economic theory. This has consequences for the movement of factors of production in the region including labour, capital, goods and services. This research investigates the activities of informal cross-border traders and migrants in the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite in general and the SADC region in particular, with a view to understanding the contribution of such actors to the integration of the said regions. Informal (ethnic) entrepreneurs, local non-state actors, relevant officials from local, provincial and national government in the target areas and relevant officials from, among others, SADC, COMESA, EAC inform the research through interviews. The research gives special attention to persons living in towns, areas, etc. that are proximate to the borders of the countries that form part of the sample for the study. The research also relies on various theories and approaches, such as sociological exchange theory and international political economy approach, and presents historical, socioeconomic, and political accounts observable in the study target areas and populations.

Duration: 2014-2019
Funding: National Research Foundation/Department of Science and Technology (RSA)
chris_field1

GovInn deputy director Chris Nhsimbi conducting research on cross-border trade

The External Dimension of European Union Environmental Policy (EEEP): Pursuing environmental norms, rules and policies beyond borders

The EU is widely reported to be a global environmental leader and is party to the major international environmental agreements. However, apart from multi-lateral environmental negotiations, the EU’s seeks to extend it environmental policy beyond its borders through a surprisingly large array of instruments, including: bilateral agreements, strategic and economic partnerships, transnational policy networks, internal regulation with external effects as well as development cooperation. In addition, innovative EU environmental policy can significantly shape policy elsewhere in the world through the effects of policy learning, competition and emulation.

Against this backdrop, EEEP brings together top international scholars, policy makers and civil society to explore how, where and to what effect the EU is embarking on new forms of external environmental governance, especially in Africa.

During the project the following research questions will be examined:

  • What are the different policy instruments that the EU uses to pursue it environmental norms, rules and policies outside of its borders (e.g. strategic partnerships; transnational networks; development cooperation)?
  • How does the EU pursue its environmental objectives in different environmental sub-fields (e.g. climate change, biodiversity, fisheries, chemicals policy)?
  • How can the EU’s external environmental governance be characterized in different countries and regions of the world?
  • What are the main challenges that the EU faces in pursuing its environmental norms, rules and policies outside of its borders?

The output of the project will be a joint publication either in the form of a special issue or an edited book to be published in 2016.

More information surrounding the workshop that was held as part of the 2015 Governance Innovation Week can be found on the GovInn website.

Funding: Erasmus +