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Brazil as a security and development provider in Africa, New policy paper by Frank Mattheis

Policy Paper - MattheisHow is the role of external actors in Africa changing and what consequences does this have for the European Union (EU) and its strategic position on the continent?

The research project ‘The EU, the US and the international strategic dimension of Sub-Saharan Africa: peace, security and development in the Horn of Africa’ seeks to address these questions in a series of policy papers. The first set of papers has just been published, covering the role of new and old actors such as Brazil, China, the Gulf States, Turkey and the US. In depth case studies on the Horn of Africa and an overarching policy report are to follow soon.

Senior research fellow Frank Mattheis contributed a policy paper on the role of Brazil as a security and development provider in Africa. It focuses on both the identity and the materiality of Brazil’s growing role on the continent, identifies the country’s current main challenges, and outlines opportunities for triangular cooperation with the EU.

The project is lead by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and the National Democratic Institute (NDI), with the support of Italy’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

CIDOB Conference

Reconfiguration of the Global South – Frank Mattheis participates in the annual CIDOB/OCP Policy Centre conference

CIDOB Conference

Panel discussion at the CIDOB/OCP Policy Centre annual conference on reconfigurations of the Global South (photo by CIDOB)

On 28 and 29 January 2016, the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) and the OCP Policy Centre convened their annual conference in the city of Barcelona. This year’s edition was hosted by CIDOB  senior researcher Eckart Woertz. The theme addressed the reconfiguration of the Global South stemming from the economic and political rise of Asian powers. Thirty international researchers focused on how African and Latin America position themselves in this context and discussed questions ranging from food security to new institutions of global governance.

GovInn senior researcher Frank Mattheis and his collaborator Christina Stolte (FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg) presented results from their analysis of Brazil’s development assistance to Africa, in particular its agricultural cooperation with Ghana. The results of the conference will be disseminated in two publications to come out in 2016: a special issue in Spanish with Afers Internacionals, and an edited volume in English with Routledge.

ZOPACAS at 30: Its formation, potential and limitations

This research project seeks to stimulate the broadening of the scientific-academic debate over the current and potential configuration of the Zone of Peace and Cooperation of the South Atlantic (ZOPACAS), both within the context of Brazilian interests and in the framework of increasing international focus over South Atlantic dynamics. With over 30 years of existence, ZOPACAS accounts today for a singular case of a multilateral platform, transversal to multiple global developments in the last few decades. Its institutional resilience associated to a characteristically legal singularity in terms of other multilateral experiences as well as an express desire to widen its thematic range of action, make this forum a noticeable case study. That relevance, in turn, only increases if we also consider the underlined notion of a supposedly common perception of an oceanic region, as an aggregating element of South American and African countries, as well as its passive contribution – never really challenged or tested – to regional security and stability.

ZOPACAS flag
On the other hand, the pre-salt discoveries, the resurgence of the Brazilian defense industry, the bet on South-South relations and the political-commercial investments in Africa also incited Brazil to concern itself once again with developments in the South Atlantic. It is therefore understandable why the progressive reinforcement of ZOPACAS is considered relevant to Brazil’s own defense, as mentioned by the Defense White Book, and inter-relates easily with the national foreign policy domain.
In this context, while combining an historical balance (1986-2016) with a structural evaluation of the current limits, capacities and eventual potentialities of ZOPACAS, this project thus seeks to provide a complete and deepened perspective of a regional mechanism, frequently neglected by academic literature and never fully researched in its totality. Moreover, it seeks to answer the increasing demand, both internal and external, for detailed information over ZOPACAS and provide greater substance to the national decision-making process regarding Brazil’s active participation in such a multilateral body.

GovInn researcher: Frank Mattheis

Partner institutions: University of Brasilia (Brazil), Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), University of Lisbon (Portugal), University of Rosario (Argentina)

Funding institutions: Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) and the Brazilian Defence Ministry’s Pandiá Calógeras Institute

Funding period: January 2015 to December 2016

(FGV), in Rio de Janeiro (22-24 October) with meeting organiser Inês Sousa from the International Intelligence Unit of FGV.

ATLANTIC FUTURE in action: Security in the Atlantic Space (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

ATLANTIC FUTURE second plenary meeting took place at FUNDAÇAO GETÚLIO VARGAS, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 22 to 24 October 2014. The three day event provided an opportunity for the Consortium to meet and discuss the results of the research, review the progress of the Project and to discuss next steps. Researchers Frank Mattheis and John Kotsopoulos represented GovInn at the Symposium.

 

(FGV), in Rio de Janeiro (22-24 October) with meeting organiser Inês Sousa from the International Intelligence Unit of FGV.

Frank Mattheis (left) and John Kotsopoulos (right) at the ATLANTIC FUTURE second plenary meeting at FUNDAÇAO GETÚLIO VARGAS (FGV), in Rio de Janeiro (22-24 October) with meeting organiser Inês Sousa from the International Intelligence Unit of FGV

 

 

If you missed it, re-live the meeting “Security in the Atlantic Space” on youtube:

Latin America’s involvement in agricultural development in Africa: The role of Argentina and Brazil

Latin_AmericaLatin America’s involvement in agricultural development in Africa: The role of Argentina and Brazil
(GovInn, May 2014)

Author: Frederic Goulet

The geopolitics of food and agricultural production has changed drastically over the last two decades, with new players coming from South America, such as Brazil and Argentina. These countries have succeeded in developing industrialised forms of agricultural production with high levels of productivity through foreign and national investments in agricultural science and technology. Indeed, these emerging economies have effectively built a large share of their growth on their agricultural success, exporting grains – but also meat, poultry, and other products to industrialised and other emerging countries.

For more info see: http://governanceinnovation.org/wordpress/latin-americas-involvement-in-agricultural-development-in-africa-the-role-of-argentina-and-brazil/govinnpolicybrief32014-compressed/