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CE + EE 2019 Training, 20-24 May 2019

From 20 to 24 May 2019, the Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa (CEEPA) hosted a five day workshop on “Theory and econometrics of individual and collective choice analysis: choice and controlled experiments”. The course was designed and presented by CEEPA staff, including GovInn Research Fellow, Dr Damien Jourdain.

The course is designed to give students the theoretical and practical tools they require to analyse choices originating from stated preference (SP) surveys and controlled experiments.

More information on the course can be found at their website, here.

YEBO! Project

The University of Pretoria and CIRAD, thanks to their long-term collaboration with CEEPA and GovInn, are partners of the Yebo! project on the internationalization of doctoral studies in South Africa.

The ‘Yebo’ Erasmus+ project (http://yebo.edu.umontpellier.fr/) was launched in October 2017 and will end in November 2020. Seven South African and five European Universities compose the consortium. Montpellier University is the project leader.

The project aims to achieve:

  • the improvement of the skills of south-African universities concerning the internationalization of PhD Studies;
  • to facilitate access to information concerning funding, mobility, and administrative procedures of PhD programs;
  • the increase of PhD students and staff trained in the internationalization of the PhD studies;
  • to promote the internationalization of PhD studies in South Africa and Europe.

Because of its strong experience and enduring partnership with South African Universities and higher education institutions, Cirad is part of the Yebo Experts Committee.

Contacts:

Stefano Farolfi (stefano.farolfi@cirad.fr)CIRAD Montpellier

Damien Jourdain (damien.jourdain@cirad.fr), Univeristy of Pretoria

Damien Jourdain

Damien Jourdain is a CIRAD Agricultural and Natural Resources Economist,
working with the UMR “Water Management, Uses, Actors” (G-EAU). He
holds a PhD in Agricultural, Food and Rural Development Economics from
the University of Montpellier.

ATLAS ‘Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration South of the Sahara’ by CIRAD, FAO & GovInn, 02.11.2017

The Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation, FAO & CIRAD launched the first atlas on rural migration in sub-Saharan Africa in Rome, Italy.

Through a series of maps and in-depth case studies, the 20 authors of the atlas, representing different research institutions, think tanks and international organizations from and outside Africa, explore the complexity of the interrelated causes that drive people in Africa to leave their homes. They shed light on regional migration dynamics and perspectives and foster understanding of rural migration.

 

More information about the launch can be found here.
The atlas can be downloaded here. 

‘Promoting equity in water access: the limits of fairness of a rural water programme in semi-arid Mozambique’, by Magalie Bourblanc, 23.08.2017

GovInn’s Senior Researcher Magalie Bourblanc published together with Raphaelle Ducrot the article ‘Promoting equity in water access: the limits of fairness of a rural water programme in semi-arid Mozambique‘ in the journal Natural Resources Forum.

Bridging the water infrastructure gap has become a major policy concern. In rural areas of Africa, access to water is as much constrained by territorial coverage as it is by the poor conditions of water points due to the difficulty in mobilizing communities for repairs. This paper examines the equity considerations of a rural water and sanitation programme in a district of Mozambique, and their impacts on the achievement of the programme’s objectives. Our analysis underlines the contradictions in the conceptualization of equity in the design, planning and implementation of the programme. Even an explicitly pro-poor strategy can fall short of delivering equity. Our findings stress the fact that overlooking local perception of equity can have a direct impact on the ability of a community to ensure the maintenance of their water points. They call for a careful definition of equity in the design of water programmes, as well as closer attention to this criterion as a precondition to achieving the long-term objective of the programme.

Read the full article here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1477-8947.12128/abstract

‘Foresight for all: Co-elaborative scenario building and empowerment’, by Robin Bourgeois et al in Technological Forecasting and Social Change

GovInn’s Senior Researcher Robin Bourgeois published the article ‘Foresight for all: Co-elaborative scenario building and empowerment‘ with others in the journal of Technological Forecasting and Social Change.

We present here a co-elaborative scenario building approach, called Participatory Prospective Analysis (PPA) and discuss its relevance for empowering local communities/organizations. This approach is adapted from the French “La Prospective”. It is used as an action research engaging local farming communities in expanding their understanding of their own futures. Three cases of local implementation at farmer community level in India, Indonesia, and the Philippines illustrate how this approach was implemented. They are part of a global project in the field of food, agriculture and rural development, aiming at balancing the capacity to use the future, which is currently not fairly distributed to the detriment of local stakeholders, organizations and communities. Our results focus on the emergence of futures literacy as a capability, its connection to local agency and societal transformation. Our discussion highlights what in this approach makes the use of scenarios empowering, beyond its participatory features. The capacity to use the future has a great potential for local agency, even if it does not guarantee that communities will have the power or the willingness to directly engage in actions. Nevertheless, this approach seems to be a promising avenue for making everyone a future-literate potential agent of change.

Read the full article here: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040162517305413

Nepad Atlas

Atlas – A New Emerging Rural World in Africa (2nd edition)

The Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn) and Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD) are proud to announce the results of their scholarly collaboration with NEPAD on a new, revised and supplemented edition of the atlas A New Emerging Rural World – An Overview of Rural Change in Africa. The atlas was officially launched at the second Africa Rural Development Forum, organised by NEPAD in Yaoundé from 8 to 10 September 2016. The atlas reports on the dynamics at play within the rural world in Africa and on territorial restructuring within the continent.

This second, revised and supplemented edition of the atlas A New Emerging Rural World takes stock of rural restructuring in Africa, both North and sub-Saharan. It relates data on demographics, population, urbanization and resource use with spatial and economic dynamics, both on a continental scale and through several regional examples. It is a totally original tool, and is intended to fuel the debate on the main regional and continental development issues.

It is published jointly by CIRAD and NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development, a technical body of the African Union), with financial support from the Agence française de développement (AFD), and fits in with NEPAD’s new Rural Futures Programme, which is intended to support territorial dynamics and structural change for sustainable development of the continent.

The atlas comprises 24 spreads and 77 illustrations, and is the fruit of collaboration between 53 authors, 23 from CIRAD and 20 representatives of African institutions (including six GovInn researchers). It will be supplemented and updated regularly.

The atlas was widely praised by the participants in the 2nd Africa Rural Development Forum organized by NEPAD in Yaoundé, Cameroon, from 8 to 10 September 2016, and is due to be presented shortly to the European Union, the main donors in the rural sector and African Heads of State at the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa in late January 2017.
It is available on line, in English and French.

For more information on the Atlas as well as a look at the fourth infographic spread click here, or the NEPAD webpage here, to view the other corresponding spreads visit the CIRAD webpage here.

Robin Bourgeois

Population growth and regional development: African Economic Outlook 2015, coordinated by CIRAD

rapport-2015-perspectives-economiques-en-afrique_lightboxWith a population set to more than double by 2050 to over two billion inhabitants, half of whom will be under 25, Africa is facing unprecedented structural challenges. Population growth is an opportunity for economic growth, but it will undoubtedly upset regional equilibria. Those upsets will mean making in-depth changes to the approaches taken as regards development policy. This is what emerges from the 2015 edition of the African Economic Outlook, in which several CIRAD researchers participated, which was published recently.

The report contains thematic chapters whose topic varies each year. It is regional development that is the topic for the 2015 edition, of which CIRAD was scientific coordinator.

According to the Report, the African continent is predicted to receive a “demographic dividend” and to benefit for a few decades from a greater number of workers than of unemployed. This situation will free up potential to save, invest and boost incomes.

However, the report also contains a warning: it will be necessary to change the perspective of development policies, or else this “demographic dividend” will be lost and there will be a significant risk of a hitherto unseen rise in poverty and risks of conflict. This gift of more inhabitants and workers is an asset for the continent, on one condition: that the subsequent growth is inclusive and creates jobs.

Read the full presentation on CIRAD’s website

 Access the full report here

Sara Mercandalli

Senior Research Fellow

Bio

Sara Mercandalli

Sara Mercandalli

Sara is a researcher from CIRAD seconded to GovInn since 2015. She is a development economist, specialized  in agriculture and rural development and holds a PhD in economics from the University Paris XI.

In recent years, her research focused on labor migration and rural households’ livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa looking in particular at the migration development nexus and policy implication in the context of sub-Saharan demo-economic transition. More recently, she has been expanding her research angle towards issues related to employment and structural change in rural areas, with a public policy analysis focus.

Before joining GovInn, she worked in Latin America and Africa as a project manager in fields such as institutional strengthening of the agricultural sector, agricultural extension and integrated rural development.

Within GovInn, Sara contributes to the axis on the Governance of the Commons and Transboundary Governance.

 

Research interests

  • Labor migration
  • Rural employment
  • Structural transformation
  • Rural development policy in Southern Africa

 

Projects

AFGROLAND Project

Determinants and drivers of migration in Africa (MIGRAFRICA) 

 

Links

You can find a list of her research publications here: https://cirad.academia.edu/SaraMercandalli

 

Contact

Email: sara.mercandalli@cirad.fr or sara.mercandalli@governanceinnovation.org