A successful regional approach to environmental governance: The case of the European Union
(GovInn, June 2014)
Author: John McCormick
Environmental policy was a latecomer to the agenda of the European Union (EU), only establishing itself as a formal interest of European integration with the passage of the 1987 Single European Act. The years since then have seen a flurry of legislative and policy activity, with EU institutions addressing a broadening base of environmental problems. From a time when most legal activity was focused on air and water quality, waste management and the control of chemicals, the EU has become involved in issues as varied as noise pollution, energy conservation, the control of genetically modified organisms, organic agriculture, and efforts to address climate change.
Authored by Lydia Powell
The domestic policies and international positions of the Indian government can be discerned on the right side of the sustainability discourse. India’s 12th, five year plan (2012‐2017), described in over a 1000 pages is based on the theme ‘faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth’. The word ‘sustainable’ appears over 200 times in the three volumes of the document which describe plans for sustaining everything from economic growth and finance to the environment and forests. The document affirms the government’s commitment to global sustainability by pointing out that India is a signatory to over 94 multilateral environmental agreements including the Kyoto Protocol. Unfortunately all these policy pronouncements are unlikely to put India on the path of true sustainability. There are two related but seemingly contradictory reasons for this.
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Lorenzo Fioramonti gave the inaugural address for the Expert Lecture Series 2013 at the University of Pretoria on 14 March. The title of the talk is “The Dark Side of GDP and Why It Matters for Africa’s Future”. For more info, visit NEW ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE, one of the pillars of GovInn work on Governance Innovation.