During the international seminar « Public policies and rural development in LAC : balance and perspectives » held in CIAT, Cali , Colombia on 5-7 September 2018, GovInn Senior Researcher Sara Mercandalli coordinated a panel on « rural migration and development » and had the opportunity to share her experience about the ‘dynamics and drivers of rural migration in SSA : highlights for public policies” she has been involved with different govinners, UWC and FAO. This international seminar organised by the « Public policies and rural development network », Cirad Partnership platform in Latin America, was also a space to better get along with contents and functioning of such platform, similar to GovInn, dedicated to the study of policies and governance processes.
The objective of the research project MIGRAFRICA (Determinants and drivers of migration in Africa) is to develop a regional overview of the main determinants and drivers of migration in SSA focusing on the structural causes of rural out-migration. It presents the main finding analytically and graphically in a working paper, an in-depth case study and an Atlas focused on the main migratory trends and drivers from, across and to SSA. The publications will be in both English and French.
An outcome is the FAO-CIRAD-GOVINN Atlas ‘Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration South of the Sahara’.
GovInn’s Senior Researcher Sara Mercandalli published, together with Ward Anseeuw, the article ‘Migration and resilience of rural households’ livelihoods in the face of changing political and economic contexts: The case of South Mozambique (1900–2010)‘ in the Journal African Studies.
This article investigates how labour migrations of rural households from Leonzoane in Southern Mozambique have changed since the colonial period to a post-war (1992) and post-apartheid (1994) context and their links with livelihoods restructuring. It draws on a qualitative analysis of the features of labour migrations, through a sample of households on five generations. Results reveal the evolution of men’s forms of mobility from longstanding circular and formal migrations to South Africa’s mines, toward multi-sited, informal, and more flexible migrations into mining and other sectors. These renewed forms of mobility are a core element of households’ livelihoods restructuring, as part of strategies to adapt the changing political-economic constraints of the broader globalising environment in terms of increasing informal and volatile labour conditions. The article concludes with a call for further analysis and integration of migration features in development policies.
Read the full article here: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00020184.2017.1322868