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Brazil as a security and development provider in Africa, New policy paper by Frank Mattheis

Policy Paper - MattheisHow is the role of external actors in Africa changing and what consequences does this have for the European Union (EU) and its strategic position on the continent?

The research project ‘The EU, the US and the international strategic dimension of Sub-Saharan Africa: peace, security and development in the Horn of Africa’ seeks to address these questions in a series of policy papers. The first set of papers has just been published, covering the role of new and old actors such as Brazil, China, the Gulf States, Turkey and the US. In depth case studies on the Horn of Africa and an overarching policy report are to follow soon.

Senior research fellow Frank Mattheis contributed a policy paper on the role of Brazil as a security and development provider in Africa. It focuses on both the identity and the materiality of Brazil’s growing role on the continent, identifies the country’s current main challenges, and outlines opportunities for triangular cooperation with the EU.

The project is lead by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and the National Democratic Institute (NDI), with the support of Italy’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

“Zimbabwe is reaching a breaking point”, by Eric Manyonda and Ruth Murambadoro

by Eric Manyonda and Ruth Murambadoro, GovInn senior researcher

On the 24th of August 2016 the Zimbabwe Republic Police clashed with protesters over a planned demonstration led by a coalition of opposition parties and the civil society.

Since the birth of the citizens’ movement, #ThisFlag earlier this year, there has been an increase in sporadic outbursts of citizens demanding the government to deliver on its election promises. As such, the citizens who in spite of their political affiliations joined forces and launched a mega demonstration on the 24th of August through which they demanded the president Mr RG Mugabe to step down.
Initially the police had attempted to block the protest by rejecting the clearance application that had been made by the protesting parties in accordance with the Public Order and Security Act (POSA). According to the POSA, any groups of people intending on holding a meeting are required to notify the police of the event and get permission. This according to the Act, is done to protect and prevent the gatherings from turning violent. Upon notice of the ‘Mega demo’ the police rejected the application citing lack of manpower to monitor the event. Opposition parties however sought the intervention of the high court, which acted in their favour by overturning the decision of the police. Armed with the high court ruling the opposition parties went ahead with their planned demonstration and launched the Mugabe Must Go Now campaign.

Zimbabwe Unrest 2016

To their dismay, the peaceful protestors were caught up in the crossfire as police had been deployed heavily armed to attack and disrupt the protest. The innocent protestors were forced to run for their lives while the police fired water cannons, teargas and even button sticks to disperse the crowds. The dire situation also agitated some already desperate protestors who retaliated to the police attacks by torching police vehicles, looting and launching attacks on businesses in the city, thereby escalating the violence to unprecedented levels. By Friday the violence had intensified pushing the government to increase the police force and even deployed the military, a phenomenon that last occurred in Zimbabwe during the food riots of 1998.

Though a state of emergency has not yet been declared, the military is now guarding the capital city Harare and some parts of the country are under heavy security surveillance. It appears as if Zimbabwe has reached its breaking point and the government is desperately trying to prevent the Arab Spring phenomenon.

All pictures by Eric Manyonda

The South African Land Observatory

Land governance and access to information

GovInn welcomes the opening of the South African Land Observatory (SALO), an initiative that promotes  evidence-based and inclusive decision-making over land resources in South Africa.

SALO offers people and organisations an accessible, open-data and open-source online hub for informed debate and interaction. The initiative makes user-friendly land-based information available to all stakeholders with the aim of creating an informed land community in South Africa, through facilitating access to data, information and networking. It is a one-stop help desk for the land community to debate the pressing questions of land ownership and land use in South Africa.

The platform, as it is seen now, is only a starting point. The website is participatory, populated through crowd-sourcing information for accuracy and updating by relevant stakeholder participants. We invite you to join the land community for debates, information exchange and networking for a participatory governance of land: Contribute here!

A pro-active process to introduce SALO to land stakeholders in South Africa and to engage with them in developing the land community will follow shortly.

SALO is supported by the Flemish Cooperation and hosted by the University of Pretoria, through the Postgraduate School of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation, and the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development. A small dedicated team of researchers, data and communication specialists created it and keep it constantly updated. Learn more about the South African Land Observatory 

‘Zambia post elections: President Lungu has his work cut out for him’, The Conversation, 22 August 2016

Govinn’s deputy director Chris Nshimbi  newest contribution on Zambia’s latest electoral result was published in The Conversation:

The national leadership should rise to the occasion and move the country in the right direction. To do this Lungu should build a team of selfless political, technocratic and civic leaders to steer Zambia for the next five years. Certainly, he will also need the support of the opposition parties, big and small.

Read more on https://theconversation.com/zambia-post-elections-president-lungu-has-his-work-cut-out-for-him-64058

Public seminar: ‘Multilateralism and South African Foreign Policy’, Ambassador Mxolisi Sizo Nkosi, 26 August, 12:00

The Department of Political Sciences and the Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn) invite you to a public seminar on the topic Multilateralism and South African Foreign Policy presented by Ambassador Mxolisi Sizo Nkosi (Chief Operations Officer, DIRCO; former Ambassador to the European Union).

Invitation

South African foreign policy faces the challenge and opportunity of a rapidly changing African context. The continent is enjoying enhanced international prominence in the 21st century, leading to new multilateral and bilateral relationships with the Global South in particular. This has posed questions about the continued relevance of the Global North on the continent. South Africa stands uniquely poised as a liaison between North and South, with the ability to make a prominent contribution not only to Africa’s place in the world, but to Africa’s ability to help reimagine that world.

Best placed to reflect on these challenges and opportunities is Ambassador Mxolisi Sizo Nkosi.  Ambassador Nkosi, currently the Chief Operations Officer at DIRCO, is an expert in international relations and diplomacy. He returned earlier this year from a four year tenure as South Africa’s Ambassador Extraordinaire to the European Union and Belgium. Prior to that, he held the position of Deputy Director-General responsible for Africa Bilateral relations. He has also served as Chief Director at DIRCO, firstly for North Africa, and later for West and Central Africa. Ambassador Nkosi has travelled extensively in Africa and Europe, and accompanied high-level delegations of former President Thabo Mbeki, President Jacob Zuma, former Foreign Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane.

 

Date:                      Friday 26th August 2016

Venue:                   Merensky Auditorium, Merensky Library, Hatfield Campus, University of Pretoria

Time:                      12h00 to 13h30 followed by light snacks

RSVP:                      https://goo.gl/forms/Gv1zwTGPfA47CKOV2

 

Debate on migration

Govinn hosts critical workshop on migration

Govinn, together with the American Political Science Association hosted a workshop on the critical issue of migration in Africa from 23-27 May, 2016, at the University of Pretoria. The workshop included in-depth dialogue sessions between academics from a diversity of disciplines, universities, countries and continents, as well as a public seminar which brought together scholars and policymakers.

Prof Loren Landau, director of the African Centre for Migration and Society, Prof Francis Nyamnjoh, from the University of Cape Town and Dr Chris Nshimbi from Govinn were some of the prominent speakers in the field that shared cutting edge information on migration in Africa today.

Questions of inclusion, exclusion, identity, policy and the free movement of people across borders was discussed and debated, with a particular focus on bringing together the micro and macro levels, allowing people’s experiences on the ground to speak to migration policy.

This workshop was sponsored by the Andrew W Mellon Foundation and the American Political Science Association.

Launch of the “Economic Report on Africa (ERA) 2016” by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), 24 June 2016

govinn UN NAS

The Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn) and the Postgraduate School of Agriculture and Rural Development invite you to the Launch of the 

“Economic Report on Africa (ERA) 2016” 

by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)

Date: Friday, 24 June 2016
Time: 12:00 – 14:00
Venue: Room L1-70 Graduate Centre, University of Pretoria Main Campus (Hatfield)
RSVP essential: http://goo.gl/forms/jhMyy6gkH5hzyMRD2 by 22 June 2016
Queries: thinah.moyo@up.ac.za

African economies face risks that require special attention from policy-makers, including turbulence in the global economy. Africa’s vulnerability calls for a rethink of its broader development strategy. Despite robust economic growth in Africa (often higher than elsewhere in the world over the last decade), it has rarely been inclusive, the number of Africans in absolute poverty has risen and inequality remains a major issue. And because Africa’s growth has been largely tied to exploiting non-renewable natural resources—with minimal value added and employment generation—sustainable growth has been undermined.

These three strands—macroeconomic vulnerability, social inequality and natural resource dominance—weave into the argument that industrialization is critical for Africa’s structural transformation and efforts to create jobs, raise value added and increase incomes. Current developing-country models of economic growth, as exemplified by China and India, rarely account for the social and environmental externalities that exacerbate poverty in developing countries, Africa included. Given the commodity domination of its exports, its drive for industrialization and structural transformation, and its greater energy needs, Africa’s imperative is to adopt
green growth.

The report examines how greening the industrialization process can serve as an instrument of accelerated industrialization and structural transformation in Africa. A green economy is considered to improve human well-being and social equity, while sharply curtailing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. It integrates economic, social and environmental policies and focuses on new opportunities for economic growth that reduce pressure on the quality and quantity of natural capital systems. A green growth pathway will put Africa’s development on a more robust and sustainable foundation, since it not only accommodates growth of the economy but also prioritizes the need for restoring or increasing environmental and social assets.

EU-ACP Rethinking Development Seminar ‘EU Agricultural Reforms, Trade Policy Initiatives and African Agro-Food Sector Development’, 20 June 2016

Govinn-NAS logo

The Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation (GovInn) and
Postgraduate School of Agriculture and Rural Development invite you to a seminar on

“EU Agricultural Reforms, Trade Policy Initiatives
and African Agro-Food Sector Development”

By Dr Paul Goodison
(an expert on EU-ACP trade and development relations)

Date: Monday, 20 June 2016
Time: 12:00 – 14:00
Venue: GovInn Headquarters, Old College House, University of Pretoria Main Campus
(Hatfield)
RSVP essential: http://goo.gl/forms/x6UuK4UKSkCHvxM13 by 16 June 2016
Queries: thinah.moyo@up.ac.za

The seminar will focus on the Emerging Impact of EU Agricultural Reforms and Trade Policy Initiatives on Agro-Food Sector Development in Africa. In particular, focus will be on the impact of the EU reciprocal trade agreement on Southern African countries in the context of the on-going process of EU agricultural reforms. Factors that need to be taken into account in designing and implementing smallholder development programmes if smallholder farmers are not to be left in a perilous financial position (e.g. Swazi smallholder sugar producers in Swazi who have been brought into the sector in the past ten years). There is also a need to try and ease the disproportionate burden which falls on smallholder producers through a better design of certain measures.

‘Brexit opportunity for Britain to find the courage to change’, Business Day 27.05.2016

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In his latest op-ed for BDLive GovInn director Lorenzo Fioramonti discusses the upcoming Brexit vote and considers Great Britain’s often difficult relationship with the European Union. The article asks what “Britain can do for Europe?” in contrast to the traditional narrative of “what can Europe do for Great Britain?” and points out the Brexit vote is an opportunity to for British people to rethink their own governance as well as their relationship with Africa. to read the full article follow the link here.

 

“Education: fundamental to a countries future”

The University of Pretoria is proud to host a joint initiative by the European Commission and the United Nations Development Programme in the form of the Kapuscinski Development Lecture 2016.

Prof Norman Duncan, Vice-Principal (Academic), cordially invites you to attend the Kapuscinski Development Lecture on the theme: Education: fundamental to a country’s future. The focus will be on education and employability and how this is fundamental to all aspects of a country’s development.

Top global thinkers use this platform to discuss development. Since 2009, more than 80 lectures have been held at partner universities and think tanks reaching over 25 000 people.

Date: Tuesday 31 May 2016
Time: 18:00

Cocktail after the lecture 19:30-20:30

Venue: Senate Hall, Hatfeld Campus, Lynnwood Road, Pretoria

GPS: S25° 45’ 21” E28° 13’ 51”

Dress: Day Wear

Enquiries: Neo Maseko, 012 420 2631

RSVP: here by 27 May 2016