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‘ISS Today: The DRC’s natural resources still awash with blood’, by Nelson Alusala in the Daily Maverick, 24.07.2017

GovInn’s Senior Researcher Nelson Alusala published ‘ISS Today: The DRC’s natural resources still awash with blood‘ in the Daily Maverick.

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), mining communities mostly depend on their ability to sell what they mine to make a living. So they explore all options to reach markets – and in this game, the price dictates the source. Mining-trade middlemen in Goma, interviewed by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), say minerals sourced from non-compliant mines cost one and a half times less to buy than conflict-free-certified minerals. They therefore prefer to buy the former, eschewing regulatory measures such as the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act).

Read the full article here: https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2017-07-24-iss-today-the-drcs-natural-resources-still-awash-with-blood

Justice on the margins

Project Summary: This comparative research project examines justice outside of the formal state systems, on the borders between countries and during transitions in Africa. In the past few decades, increasing amounts of attention and resources have been given to national reconciliation and transitional justice, as is evident in the increased inclusion of these in mediation processes and peace agreements. There are long and difficult debates between local governments and the international community concerning what mechanisms should be adopted, as was evident in, for example, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Rwanda and more recently, the Democratic Republic of Conogo, Burundi and Zimbabwe. Yet, a lot of uncertainty remains about these processes and mechanisms, how they work and their actual contribution to peacebuilding.

This project straddles the Transboundary Governance, Security Governance and Governance of the Commons axes of GovInn and addresses three major challenges to reconciliation and transitional justice:

  • The lack of empirical research related to how particular national reconciliation and transitional justice mechanisms impact peacebuilding in local communities
  • The difficulty of balancing adherence to ‘international norms’ with the needs of local governments and communities
  • The fact that many conflicts occur across borders whereas reconciliation and transitional justice is imagined only within the nation-state.
Ruth Murambadoro undertaking fieldwork in Zimbabwe

Ruth Murambadoro undertaking fieldwork in Zimbabwe

Project Team: Cori Wielenga, Chris Nshimbi, Ruth Murambadoro, Patrick Hajayandi

Junior researchers: Anthony Bizos, Chenai Matshaka, Rebeka Gluhbegovic, Zefanias Matsimbe

Funding: CODESRIA and the University of Pretoria’s Research Development Programme

Funding period: May 2015 – July 2019